A panoramic radiograph is a panoramic scanning dental X-ray of the upper and lower jaw. It shows a two-dimensional view of a half-circle
from ear to ear.
Panoramic radiography is a form of focal plane tomography; thus, images of multiple planes are taken to make up the
composite panoramic image, where the maxilla and mandible are in the focal trough and the structures that are superficial and deep
to the trough are blurred.